World Report 2019

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Poverty and the largely unguarded border with Afghanistan, a serious source of heroine, contribute to the growing inhabitants of intravenous drug users. One official estimated about 64,000 intravenous drug users in the nation.Also pushed by harsh economic situations, there are stories that sex work is growing amongst women and that it’s leaving a “sexual health disaster” in its wake.

It seems these questions are onerous to reply on a 5-day go to that I’m supposedly spending transiting between two adjacent countries that share a border. I most likely ought to have seen this coming, along with the fact that most people don’t seem outwardly concerned with parsing the truth from the lies 25 years into an absolute dictatorship. Their everyday concerns appeared extra just like my very own — family, associates, money, career — which is not to say that things are all properly and good in Turkmenistan, or that the government isn’t as unhealthy as it appears. The marketing campaign also helped draw visitors to the nation’s 94 ‘reproductive well being rooms’ – specialized clinics where individuals can obtain delicate and accurate family planning counselling, as well as different reproductive health companies. Launched in 1997 with the assist of UNFPA, the rooms additionally present free contraception to at-risk women and girls. In 2017 parliament confirmed Yazdursun Gurbannazarova’s nomination as the first human rights ombudsman, and she or he assumed her duties.

Despite a constitutional provision giving citizens the flexibility to decide on their authorities in periodic elections based on universal and equal suffrage, there have been no free and honest elections in the nation. There was no bona fide political opposition to the president, and alternative candidates came from by-product celebration constructions, such as the state-controlled Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, or had been members of individual initiative groups. The group estimated that 20,000 people were topic to a travel ban primarily based on political grounds. The government reported that, as of August 23, 122 NGOs have been registered within the nation, including 4 worldwide NGOs. Of the registered NGOs, worldwide organizations acknowledged just a few as unbiased.

Courts didn’t supply interpreters to defendants who didn’t converse Turkmen. Opposition media and nongovernmental organizations made no reports that the federal government or its brokers committed arbitrary or illegal killings in the course of the yr nor were there stories of killings by narcotics traffickers or similar felony teams. In August 2018, nevertheless, the UN Human Rights Committee made public its conclusion that the federal government was responsible for the 2006 torture and demise of journalist and human rights activist Olgusapar Muradova. According to the Committee for the Protection of Journalists, Turkmenistan was the third most censored country in 2019. The authorities detained individuals taking photographs or filming in public locations, blocked the usage of VPN apps, usually used to entry otherwise inaccessible web sites, and barred folks from travelling abroad to forestall them from “slandering” their residence nation. There was no unbiased media and the few unbiased journalists – sometimes working anonymously for shops based overseas – faced harassment and arbitrary arrest.

NGOs reported the government offered numerous administrative obstacles to NGOs that attempted to register. Some organizations awaiting registration discovered alternate ways to hold out activities, corresponding to registering as businesses or subsidiaries of other registered teams, however others temporarily suspended or limited their activities. Although the law states there’s a process for registering foreign help, NGOs had issue registering bilateral foreign assistance in practice because of the 2013 decree requiring such registration. The civil judiciary system was neither impartial nor impartial, as the president appointed all judges.

This suggests that women haven’t been in a position to avail themselves of the family planning info and contraception that the government claims is on the market to them. This subject demands severe investigation, particularly as Niyazov has known as for an enlargement of the Turkmen population. As a outcome, many adult women in rural areas have extraordinarily limited entry to data printed in Turkmenistan lately. HIV incidence is rising quicker in Eastern Europe and Central Asia than in most other areas of the world.

The Nation’s Inside Minister Reportedly Claims Women Are Responsible For The Majority Of Automotive Crashes

By regulation the ombudsman must be nominated by the president and confirmed by parliament. The law empowers the ombudsman to receive and evaluation human rights violations reported by residents and make sure or deny the violation and advise the complainant regarding legal redress. The ombudsman is obliged to submit an annual human rights report to the president and parliament, which shall be published and distributed via local media. The ombudsman enjoys legal immunity and can’t be prosecuted, arrested, or detained for official acts while in office.

None of the interviewees for this report knew of programs to tell victims of violence against women of their rights, supply them security or shelter, help them in courtroom, or help them deal with trauma. Women’s well being in Turkmenistan, and particularly that of rural women, is considered to be the worst of all the former Soviet republics. There is little well being schooling in faculties, and a recent report noted an unofficial ban on diagnosing certain infectious ailments. In latest years, President Niyazov known as for the closure of hospitals outside the capital and changed thousands of nurses with young military conscripts. Although it’s unclear whether or not and how these presidential orders have been executed, their implementation would additional restrict access of the hundreds of thousands of women in Turkmenistan to preventive, curative, and reproductive health care.

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Although the UNFPA program has increased women’s access to contraception, general data of reproductive health remains low within the population, especially among younger folks in certain elements of the nation. Once a lady is married, this can be very unlikely that she will have the ability to pursue larger training as a result of she is predicted to remain house and look after her husband and in-laws. Single mothers significantly need increased entry to and sponsorship of higher education.

Due to the country’s poor economic state of affairs and widespread drug use, many ladies find themselves as the only real providers for the household. Without support from the federal government, they have little or no alternative to pursue publish-secondary schooling. The real participation of girls in all levels of presidency is essential to the protection and promotion of girls’s human rights. Until Turkmenistan creates the situations for clear, democratic authorities processes, women will not be ensured the proper to actually take part in political life.

In this local weather it comes as little shock that ladies suffer violations of their human rights. The extent of sex discrimination is difficult to evaluate with precision as a result of official statistics are lacking. However, exterior sources, together with stories of intergovernmental organizations, NGO publications, information articles, and private narratives, point to pervasive violations of women’s human rights. They usually have assigned roles in society and decreased rights in comparison with men. Study of women turkmenistan ladies‘s rights in the nation is made difficult by government censorship and lack of dependable, official data. This International Women’s Day, instead of the normal gifts of flowers or candies, the president of Turkmenistan is going to say it with cash. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov is planning to offer all women in his country 40 manat ($eleven) to rejoice March eight, Russian information company Rosbalt reviews, simply as he has carried out for the previous three years.

Osce And Women’s Union Of Turkmenistan Promote Gender Training

The actions of unregistered nongovernmental organizations have been severely curtailed lately, leaving few NGOs in a position to operate independently of the federal government. The Union of Women-Gurbansultan-Eje, the one women’s “NGO” highlighted in the government report, has strong ties to the federal government. The government does not maintain statistics on violence in opposition to women, but it’s reported to be prevalent throughout the nation. Victims of home violence and rape often do not go to the authorities.

In instances during which it had pursuits relating to an individual citizen, the state used the judiciary to impose court docket orders. Persons and organizations could enchantment opposed choices to regional human rights bodies, but local courts had been unlikely to reverse decisions regardless of successful appeals. The authorities permits the general public to attend most trials, nevertheless it closed some, particularly these considered politically delicate. The felony procedure code provides that defendants be current at their trials and consult with their attorneys in a timely method. The court docket at times didn’t enable defendants to confront or query a witness in opposition to them and denied defendants and their attorneys entry to authorities evidence. In some instances, courts refused to accept exculpatory proof supplied by protection attorneys, even if that proof might have changed the result of the trial.

Turkmenistan’s media, just like the Ruhnama, persistently painting women in stereotypical roles. A typical program on Turkmen tv options conventional singing and dancing in reward of the president. These programs virtually solely function ethnic Turkmen, and the women and girls showing in them at all times gown in traditional Turkmen garb. Turkmen tv almost by no means exhibits Turkmen women in roles that contradict conventional Turkmen virtues, and there are not any applications that problem the federal government’s insurance policies referring to women’s human rights. Domestic regulation ensures women the best to take part in political life.